How To Properly Torque Wheel Lug Nuts/Lug Bolts (2024)

Over the years, we’ve seen firsthand the ramifications of improperly torqued lug nut and lug bolts. We’ve seen wheels come off, brakes damaged, broken and/or stripped lug nuts, bolts and studs. And unfortunately, we have seen this time-and-again from professional technicians as well as the do-it-yourselfers – all for one simple reason – they failed to properly torque the lug nuts or bolts on their vehicles.

Lug studs and nuts as well as lug bolts are designed with a specific grade of hardware with a certain amount of “stretch.” Stretch? You might ask – Yes. Proper torque, which stretches the bolt, causes the threads of the stud/bolt to tightly mate and secure to the matching nut or threaded hole (within the axle or wheel hub) without working themselves loose.

It’s akin to mechanically securing the nut to the bolt – except that you can remove and re-tighten it repeatedly, as needed., yet, most bolt grades used for this purpose will retain its original size and properties (un-stretched) when properly torqued to specifications. The properties of the bolt has a slight spring effect when loosened.

The below are examples of bolts in the various stages of torque:

How To Properly Torque Wheel Lug Nuts/Lug Bolts (2)
  1. The first example is a bolt that is loose, with no torque applied — unstretched.
  2. The second example is a bolt that is torqued to specification. There is a slight amount of stretch, but not enough to change metal/alloy properties of the bolt and it returns back to it’s original shape and is ready for for retorquing.
  3. The third example is a typical of an over-torqued bolt. Note that the bolt has not only stretched, but stretched to the point of changing the properties and yield strength of the bolt. The bolt now has a much lower tensile/yield strength and allows the bolt to flex, generate heat and fatigue. A bolt that has been over-torqued will be prone to cracking, shearing, loosening, or breaking off which can result in damage to the wheel and other related components.

Improperly torqued lug nuts or bolts can also result in:

  • Warped brake rotors — brakes grabbing, pulsating or overheated.
  • Damage to the lug nut seating surface of alloy wheels.
  • Wheel hub damage — threaded wholes stripped out.

It is also important to tighten lug nuts or bolts incrementally to the final torque specification and doing so in the proper sequence.
The graphic below shows the three common bolt patterns and tightening sequences, appropriate for most automotive applications.

It is prudent to recheck the torque specifications after a test drive of the vehicle, especially with alloy or painted wheels. It is very possible to falsely torque lug nuts or bolts due to excess paint, debris, corrosion or a tight and binding centering hole over the wheel hub that allows the bolt or nut to come loose after the vibrations and rigors of driving.

When installing new wheels you should re-torque the wheel lugs after driving the first 50 to 100 miles in case the clamping loads have changed following the initial installation.

This is necessary due to the possibility of metal compression/elongation or thermal stresses affecting the wheels as they are breaking in, as well as to verify the accuracy of the original installation.

When rechecking torque value, wait for the wheels to cool to ambient temperature (never torque a hot wheel). Loosen and retighten to value, in sequence. Simply repeat the same torque procedure listed above.

General Torque Specifications

Hardware Bolt or Stud SizeTypical Torque Range in Ft/LbsMinimum Number of Turns of Hardware Engagement
12 x 1.5 mm 70 – 80 6.5
12 x 1.25 mm 70 – 80 8
14 x 1.5 mm 85 – 90 7.5
14 x 1.25 mm 85 – 90 9
7/16 in. 70 – 80 8
1/2 in. 75 – 85 8
9/16 in. 135 – 145 8

Wheel lug torque specifications are for clean threads that are free of dirt, grit, etc. If applying an anti-seize lubricant, it is important to note it can be applied only on the threads of nuts or bolts. The lubricant must not be used on either seat of the hardware of the wheel.

With the seat being the main point of friction where torque is measured, extreme caution must be used if an anti-seize lubricant is applied to the threads as excess can either drip or be pushed onto the lug seat resulting in inaccurate torque values.

A thread chaser or tap should be used to remove any burrs or obstructions of the threads allowing the lug hardware to be turned by hand until it meets the wheel’s lug seat. Once lugs are snugged down, finish tightening them with an accurate torque wrench.

Use the appropriate crisscross sequence (shown above) for the number of wheel lugs on your vehicle until all have reached their proper torque value. Be careful because if you over-torque a wheel, you can strip a lug nut or hub, stretch or break a stud or bolt, and cause the wheel, brake rotor, and/or brake drum to distort.

Torque Specifications by Make and Model

Editor’s Note: This look-up is a new resource (1/10/2021). More Make/Model torque specifications to be added shortly. If your vehicle is not listed, refer to the General Torque Specifications above.

AcuraAll other models1990-200580 ft-lbs
AcuraMDX2001-200580 ft-lbs
AcuraSLX1996-199990 ft-lbs
Alfa RomeoAll models1991-199575 ft-lbs
Aston MartinAll other models1983-200575 ft-lbs
Aston MartinVanquish2002-200595 ft-lbs
AudiAll models1982-200590 ft-lbs
BentleyAll other models1989-200550 ft-lbs
BentleyArnage2002-2004100 ft-lbs
BentleyArnage1999-200175 ft-lbs
BentleyAzure/ LeMans2001-200285 ft-lbs
BentleyContinental GT2003-2005110 ft-lbs
BMW745 & 7602002-2005100 ft-lbs
BMWAll other models1982-200590 ft-lbs
BMWX32004-200585 ft-lbs
BMWX52000-2005105 ft-lbs
BuickAll models1982-2005100 ft-lbs
BuickRendezvous2002-2005100 ft-lbs
CadillacAll other models1977-2005100 ft-lbs
CadillacCatera1997-200180 ft-lbs
CadillacDeville HD Spec.1997-2001140 ft-lbs
CadillacEscalade / EXT1999-2005140 ft-lbs
CadillacSRX2004-200595 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GeoAll other models1987-2005100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GeoAveo2004-200590 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GeoMetro1991-199950 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GeoPrizm1989-200280 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GeoStorm1990-199385 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCAstro/Safari Van1985-2005100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCAvalanche2002-2005140 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCC/K Blazer/Suburban/Jimmy(full size)1992-1995120 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCC/K Pickup1988-1995120 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCC/K Pickup (DRW)1988-1995140 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCC/K Pickup (Full) (SRW/DRW)1996-2000140 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCC30 HD (DRW) 5/8-181996-2000175 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCColorado/Canyon2004-2005100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCDenali1997-2005140 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCEnvoy/XUV1998-2005100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCEquinox2004-2005100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCExpress/Savana1996-2005140 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCG10/G15, G20/G25, Full Size1988-1995100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCG10/G15, G20/G25, G30/G35(SRW/DRW)1996-1999140 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCG30/G35 (DRW) Full Size1988-1995140 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCG30/G35 Full Size1988-1995120 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCLumina APV1990-1993100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCLumina Minivan1994-1996100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCR10/R15-Full Size Suburban/Blazer1989-1991100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCR20/R25,R30/R35-Full Size Suburban(SRW)1989-1991120 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCS/T Pickup/Blazer/Trail Blazer/Jimmy1992-2005100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCS10/S15 Pickup/Blazer/Jimmy1982-199280 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCSilverado/Sierra1999-2005140 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCSilverado/Sierra HD(DRW) 5/8-181999-2005175 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCSSR2003-200580 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCSuburban / Blazer w/ Aluminum Wheels1988-1989100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCSuburban / Blazer w/ Steel Wheels1988-198990 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCSuburban(DRW)1989-1991125 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCSuburban(DRW)1989-1991125 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCSuburban/Tahoe/Yukon1996-2005140 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCT10/T15 Pickup/Blazer/Jimmy1982-1991100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCTracker1990-199960 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCTracker2000-200570 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCUplander2005100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCV10/V15 Full Size Suburban1990-1991100 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCV20/V25,V30/V35 Full Size Suburban(SRW)1989-1991120 ft-lbs
Chevrolet / GMCVenture Minivan1997-2004100 ft-lbs
ChryslerCirrus1995-2000100 ft-lbs
ChryslerConcorde1993-2004110 ft-lbs
ChryslerCrossfire2004-200585 ft-lbs
ChryslerFifth Avenue (RWD)1983-199085 ft-lbs
ChryslerLeBaron/NewYorker1984-199695 ft-lbs
ChryslerLHS1994-199795 ft-lbs
ChryslerLHS/300M/300C/3001999-2005110 ft-lbs
ChryslerPacifica2004-200585 ft-lbs
ChryslerProwler Roadster2002100 ft-lbs
ChryslerPT Cruiser2001-2005110 ft-lbs
ChryslerPT Cruiser2001-2005110 ft-lbs
ChryslerSebring Conv.1996-2005105 ft-lbs
ChryslerSebring Coupe1996-1998100 ft-lbs
ChryslerSebring Coupe1999-200580 ft-lbs
ChryslerSebring Sedan2001-2005110 ft-lbs
ChryslerT/C by Maserati1989-199195 ft-lbs
ChryslerTown & Country1999100 ft-lbs
ChryslerTown & Country2000-2005110 ft-lbs
ChryslerTown & Country1990-199895 ft-lbs
ChryslerVoyager2001-2003110 ft-lbs
DaewooLanos/Nubria1999-200390 ft-lbs
DaewooLeganza1999-200380 ft-lbs
DiahatsuRocky (All)1990-199285 ft-lbs
DodgeAvenger1995-1998100 ft-lbs
DodgeAvenger1999-200080 ft-lbs
DodgeCharger2006110 ft-lbs
DodgeColt1976-199480 ft-lbs
Dodge“D300/350 w/ flanged 5/8″”stud”1979-1993200 ft-lbs
Dodge“D300/350(1/2″”stud)”1979-1993105 ft-lbs
Dodge“D300/350(5/8″”stud)”1979-1993105 ft-lbs
DodgeDakota Pickup1994-2005110 ft-lbs
DodgeDakota Pickup(All)1985-199895 ft-lbs
DodgeDaytona/Dynasty1984-199395 ft-lbs
DodgeDurango1998-2005110 ft-lbs
DodgeGrand Caravan/Caravan1999100 ft-lbs
DodgeGrand Caravan/Caravan2000-2005110 ft-lbs
DodgeIntrepid1999-2004110 ft-lbs
DodgeIntrepid1993-199895 ft-lbs
DodgeMagnum2005-2006110 ft-lbs
DodgeNeon1999100 ft-lbs
DodgeNeon2000-2005110 ft-lbs
DodgeNeon1995-199895 ft-lbs
DodgeOmni1984-199095 ft-lbs
DodgePickup (D&W series) D100/150,D200/2501972-1993105 ft-lbs
DodgeRam 50 Pickup1982-198490 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Pickup1987-1993100 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Pickup 15001994-2001110 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Pickup 15002002-2005135 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Pickup 25002002-2005135 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Pickup 25001994-2001150 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Pickup 35002002-2005145 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Pickup 35001994-2001160 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Pickup SRT-102004-2005135 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Van (FWD)1984-199395 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Van B1501994110 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Van B15002002-2005110 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Van B15001995-1997110 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Van B15001998-2001115 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Van B250/350 w/out 5/8″” studs”1994115 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Van B250/350 with 5/8″” studs”1994225 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Van B25001997110 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Van B25001998115 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Van B2500 (9/16″”-18 studs)”1999-2005150 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Van B3500 (9/16″”-18 studs)”1999-2005150 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Van B3500 w/out 5/8″” studs”1995-1998115 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Van B3500 with 5/8″” studs”1995-1998225 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Wagon B1501994110 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Wagon B15002002110 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Wagon B15001995-1997110 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Wagon B15001998-2001115 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Wagon B250/B350 w/out 5/8″” studs”1994115 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Wagon B250/B350 with 5/8″” studs”1994225 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Wagon B25001997110 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Wagon B25001998115 ft-lbs
DodgeRam Wagon B25001995-1996115 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Wagon B2500 (9/16″”-18 studs)”1992-2002150 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Wagon B3500 (9/16″”-18 studs)”1999-2002150 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Wagon B3500 w/out 5/58″” studs”1995-1998115 ft-lbs
Dodge“Ram Wagon B3500 with 5/8″” studs”1995-1998225 ft-lbs
DodgeRamcharger1979-1993350 ft-lbs
DodgeRampage (FWD)1979-1993105 ft-lbs
DodgeShadow1987-199495 ft-lbs
DodgeSpirit1989-199495 ft-lbs
DodgeSprinter 25002004-2005140 ft-lbs
DodgeSprinter 35002004-2005180 ft-lbs
DodgeStealth1991-1996100 ft-lbs
DodgeStratus1995-1999100 ft-lbs
DodgeStratus Coupe2001-200580 ft-lbs
DodgeStratus Sedan2000-2005110 ft-lbs
DodgeViper1993-2004100 ft-lbs
DodgeVista1984-199160 ft-lbs
DodgeWagon B100/1501972-1993105 ft-lbs
DodgeWagon B200/2501972-1993105 ft-lbs
Dodge“Wagon B300/350 (1/2″” studs)”1979-1993105 ft-lbs
Dodge“Wagon B300/350 (5/8″” studs)”1979-1993200 ft-lbs
Dodge“Wagon B300/350 w/ flanged 5/8″” studs”1979-1993350 ft-lbs
EagleMedallion198865 ft-lbs
EaglePremier & Monaco (with aluminum wheels)1989-1992100 ft-lbs
EaglePremier & Monaco (without aluminum wheels)1989-199275 ft-lbs
EagleSummit1989-199680 ft-lbs
EagleTalon1990-1998100 ft-lbs
EagleVison1993-199795 ft-lbs
Ferrari348/Mondial T1989-199475 ft-lbs
Ferrari360 Modena2000-200580 ft-lbs
Ferrari456 M GT/GTA1995-200490 ft-lbs
Ferrari550/575 Maranello1998-2005100 ft-lbs
FerrariAll other models90 ft-lbs
FerrariTestarossa(5 bolts)1988-199175 ft-lbs
FordExpedition (12mm stud)1997-2000*100 ft-lbs
FordExpedition (14mm stud)2000-2005*150 ft-lbs
FordF150 (12mm stud)1988-2000*100 ft-lbs
FordF150 (14mm stud)2000-2005*150 ft-lbs
FordAerostar1986-1997100 ft-lbs
FordAll other models1984-1999100 ft-lbs
FordAspire1994-199785 ft-lbs
FordBronco1987-1996100 ft-lbs
FordBronco II1987-1990100 ft-lbs
FordContour1995-199765 ft-lbs
FordContour199885 ft-lbs
FordContour1999-200095 ft-lbs
FordCrown Victoria2000-2005100 ft-lbs
FordE Super Duty (10 lug)2002-2005165 ft-lbs
FordE1501975-2005100 ft-lbs
Ford“E250/350 (8 lug 9/16″”-18)”1988-2005140 ft-lbs
FordEscape2001-2005100 ft-lbs
FordEscort/EXP1981-1990100 ft-lbs
FordEscort/ZX21991-200485 ft-lbs
FordExcursion2000150 ft-lbs
FordExcursion All2001-2005160 ft-lbs
FordExplorer1991-2005100 ft-lbs
Ford“F Super Duty (10 lug 9/16″”-18)”1996-1998140 ft-lbs
Ford“F Super Duty (10 lug 9/16″”-18)”1999-2005165 ft-lbs
Ford“F250/350 (8 lug 9/16″”-18)”1988-1998140 ft-lbs
Ford“F250/350 (8 lug 9/16″”-18)”1999-2000150 ft-lbs
Ford“F250/350 (8 lug 9/16″”-18)”2001-2003160 ft-lbs
FordFestiva1988-199385 ft-lbs
FordFive Hundred2005100 ft-lbs
FordFocus2000-200595 ft-lbs
FordFreestyle2005100 ft-lbs
FordMustang1979-2005100 ft-lbs
FordProbe1989-199785 ft-lbs
FordRanger Pickup1987-2005100 ft-lbs
FordTaurus1986-1996100 ft-lbs
FordTaurus2000-200595 ft-lbs
FordTempo1984-1996100 ft-lbs
FordThunderbird1975-2005100 ft-lbs
FordWindstar/Freestar1995-2005100 ft-lbs
HondaAll models1984-200480 ft-lbs
HondaCR-V1997-200580 ft-lbs
HondaElement2003-200580 ft-lbs
HondaOdyssey1995-200580 ft-lbs
HondaPassport1994-200290 ft-lbs
HondaPilot2003-200580 ft-lbs
HondaRidgeline2005-2006100 ft-lbs
HummerH1/H22003-2005140 ft-lbs
HyundaiAll models1986-200580 ft-lbs
HyundaiSanta Fe2001-200580 ft-lbs
InfinitiAll other models1990-200585 ft-lbs
InfinitiG201999-2002100 ft-lbs
InfinityFX35/FX452003-200580 ft-lbs
InfinityQX41997-2005105 ft-lbs
IsuzuAmigo1992-1994**85 ft-lbs
IsuzuPickup1995**85 ft-lbs
IsuzuPickup1990**85 ft-lbs
IsuzuAmigo1991*75 ft-lbs
IsuzuPickup1991*75 ft-lbs
IsuzuRodeo1991-2004*65 ft-lbs
IsuzuAll models1983-199385 ft-lbs
IsuzuAscender2003-200580 ft-lbs
IsuzuAxiom2002-200495 ft-lbs
IsuzuHombre1996-200095 ft-lbs
IsuzuOasis1996-199980 ft-lbs
IsuzuTrooper1984-200285 ft-lbs
IsuzuVehicross1999-200185 ft-lbs
JaguarAll other models1989-200575 ft-lbs
JaguarS Type2000-200595 ft-lbs
JeepCherokee1994-2001110 ft-lbs
JeepComanche1984-199275 ft-lbs
JeepGrand Cherokee1993-2005110 ft-lbs
JeepLiberty2002-2005110 ft-lbs
JeepWagoneer 5-lug110 ft-lbs
JeepWagoneer 6-lug75 ft-lbs
JeepWrangler1994-2005110 ft-lbs
JeepWrangler/CJ1990-199380 ft-lbs
KiaAll models1993-200585 ft-lbs
KiaSedona2002-200475 ft-lbs
KiaSorento2003-200485 ft-lbs
KiaSportage1995-200585 ft-lbs
LamborghiniAll models1990-200480 ft-lbs
Land RoverDefender 90/1101993-199795 ft-lbs
Land RoverDiscovery1994-199995 ft-lbs
Land RoverDiscovery Series II1999-2005105 ft-lbs
Land RoverFreelander S/SE/HSE2002-200585 ft-lbs
Land RoverLR32005100 ft-lbs
Land RoverRange Rover SE1995-200185 ft-lbs
Land RoverRanger Rover Classic1987-199595 ft-lbs
Land RoverRanger Rover HSE2003-2005105 ft-lbs
Land RoverRanger Rover HSE1996-200285 ft-lbs
LexusAll Models1990-200575 ft-lbs
LexusGX4702003-200585 ft-lbs
LexusLX4501996-199780 ft-lbs
LexusLX4701998-200595 ft-lbs
LincolnNavigator (14mm stud)2000-2004*150 ft-lbs
LincolnNavigator(12mm stud)1998-2000*100 ft-lbs
LincolnAll other models1984-2005100 ft-lbs
LincolnAviator2003-2005100 ft-lbs
LincolnBlackwood2002-2004155 ft-lbs
LincolnMark LT2006150 ft-lbs
MaseratiAll other models1989-199175 ft-lbs
MaseratiSpider2002-200490 ft-lbs
MazdaB22001986-1993*85 ft-lbs
MazdaB26001987-1993*85 ft-lbs
MazdaAll other models1976-200585 ft-lbs
MazdaB2300/B40001994-2005100 ft-lbs
MazdaB2500/30001998-2005100 ft-lbs
MazdaMillenia1995-200290 ft-lbs
MazdaMPV1996-200585 ft-lbs
MazdaNavaho1991-1994100 ft-lbs
MazdaTribute2001-2005105 ft-lbs
MercedesAll other models1994-200580 ft-lbs
MercedesM-class1998-2005110 ft-lbs
MercedesModels with 14mm bolts1994-2005110 ft-lbs
MercuryAll other models1984-2005100 ft-lbs
MercuryCapri1991-199490 ft-lbs
MercuryCougar1999-200295 ft-lbs
MercuryGrand Marquis2000-2004100 ft-lbs
MercuryMarauder2003-200495 ft-lbs
MercuryMontego2005100 ft-lbs
MercuryMountaineer1997-2005100 ft-lbs
MercuryMystique1995-199765 ft-lbs
MercuryMystique199885 ft-lbs
MercuryMystique1999-200095 ft-lbs
MercurySable1995-1999100 ft-lbs
MercurySable2000-200495 ft-lbs
MercuryTracer1988-199990 ft-lbs
MercuryVillager1993-200280 ft-lbs
MerkurScorpio1988-199070 ft-lbs
MerkurXR4Ti1985-1989100 ft-lbs
MiniMini Cooper2002-2005105 ft-lbs
Mitsubishi3000 GT1991-1999100 ft-lbs
MitsubishiAll other models1987-200580 ft-lbs
MitsubishiEclipse1990-1999100 ft-lbs
MitsubishiEndeavor2004-200580 ft-lbs
MitsubishiLancer2002-200480 ft-lbs
MitsubishiMontero1999100 ft-lbs
MitsubishiMontero1993100 ft-lbs
MitsubishiMontero1997-1998110 ft-lbs
MitsubishiMontero2000-200485 ft-lbs
MitsubishiMontero1994-199685 ft-lbs
MitsubishiMontero Sport1999100 ft-lbs
MitsubishiMontero Sport1997-1998105 ft-lbs
MitsubishiMontero Sport2000-200585 ft-lbs
MitsubishiOutlander2003-200580 ft-lbs
MitsubishiPickups1992-1996100 ft-lbs
MitsubishiPickups1989-199185 ft-lbs
MitsubishiPrecis (with aluminum wheels)1987-199470 ft-lbs
MitsubishiPrecis (without aluminum wheels)1987-199460 ft-lbs
MitsubishiVan/Wagons1989-1990100 ft-lbs
NissanAll other models1987-200590 ft-lbs
NissanPathfinder/Frontier1987-2005105 ft-lbs
NissanPickups1987-1997105 ft-lbs
NissanPickups (DRW)1987-1991200 ft-lbs
NissanQuest1995-200585 ft-lbs
NissanSentra/Sentra E1990-199575 ft-lbs
NissanTitan2004-2005105 ft-lbs
NissanXterra/Murano2000-200580 ft-lbs
OldsmobileAll models1977-2004100 ft-lbs
OldsmobileBravada1991-2004100 ft-lbs
OldsmobileSilouette1990-2004100 ft-lbs
PanozAll models1999-200590 ft-lbs
PlymouthAcclaim/Reliant1989-199595 ft-lbs
PlymouthBreeze1999100 ft-lbs
PlymouthBreeze2000105 ft-lbs
PlymouthBreeze1996-199895 ft-lbs
PlymouthColt1983-199480 ft-lbs
PlymouthGrand Fury1980-198985 ft-lbs
PlymouthHorizon1978-199095 ft-lbs
PlymouthLaser1990-199495 ft-lbs
PlymouthProwler2000-2001100 ft-lbs
PlymouthSundance1987-199495 ft-lbs
PlymouthTurismo1982-198795 ft-lbs
PlymouthVista (with aluminum wheels)80 ft-lbs
PlymouthVista (without aluminum wheels)1984-199455 ft-lbs
PlymouthVoyager/Grand Voyager1999100 ft-lbs
PlymouthVoyager/Grand Voyager2000110 ft-lbs
PlymouthVoyager/Grand Voyager1984-199895 ft-lbs
PontiacAll other models1990-2005100 ft-lbs
PontiacAztec2001-2005100 ft-lbs
PontiacLeMans1989-199365 ft-lbs
PontiacMontana/Trans Sport1990-2005100 ft-lbs
PontiacVibe2003-200575 ft-lbs
PorscheAll other models1972-200595 ft-lbs
PorscheCarrera GT2004-2005407 ft-lbs
Rolls RoyceAll other models1989-200250 ft-lbs
Rolls RoyceParkwood/Seraph1997-200275 ft-lbs
Rolls RoycePhantom2004-2005105 ft-lbs
Saab900 models (with aluminum wheels)1995-199885 ft-lbs
Saab900 models (without aluminum wheels)1995-199880 ft-lbs
Saab9000 models1994-199890 ft-lbs
Saab9-2X200575 ft-lbs
Saab9-3 / 9-51999-200580 ft-lbs
SaabAll other models1976-198780 ft-lbs
SaabAll other models1988-199390 ft-lbs
SaturnAll other models1991-2005100 ft-lbs
SaturnEV-1 Electric1997-2002100 ft-lbs
SaturnL Series2003-200480 ft-lbs
SaturnL Series2000-200295 ft-lbs
SaturnVue2002-2004100 ft-lbs
SaturnVue2002-2005100 ft-lbs
ScionAll Models2004-200575 ft-lbs
SubaruAll other models1985-200575 ft-lbs
SubaruBaja2003-200575 ft-lbs
SubaruForester1998-200575 ft-lbs
SubaruSVX1992-199790 ft-lbs
SuzukiAerio2002-200565 ft-lbs
SuzukiEsteem1996-200265 ft-lbs
SuzukiForenza2004-200590 ft-lbs
SuzukiGrand Vitara/Vitara1999-200570 ft-lbs
SuzukiReno200565 ft-lbs
SuzukiSamuri1985-199055 ft-lbs
SuzukiSamuri1991-199480 ft-lbs
SuzukiSidekick1989-199875 ft-lbs
SuzukiSwift1989-200150 ft-lbs
SuzukiVerona2004-200580 ft-lbs
SuzukiX-901996-199870 ft-lbs
SuzukiX-901996-199870 ft-lbs
ToyotaLand Cruiser1994-1998*105 ft-lbs
Toyota4 Runner1988-199880 ft-lbs
Toyota4 Runner1999-200585 ft-lbs
ToyotaAll models1985-200580 ft-lbs
ToyotaHighlander2001-200580 ft-lbs
ToyotaLand Cruiser1999-2005100 ft-lbs
ToyotaLand Cruiser1989-1993115 ft-lbs
ToyotaPickup 2WD (DRW)1989-1994170 ft-lbs
ToyotaPickup 2WD (SRW)1989-1994100 ft-lbs
ToyotaPickup 4WD1991-199280 ft-lbs
ToyotaPrevia/Rav4/Sienna1991-200580 ft-lbs
ToyotaSequoia2001-200585 ft-lbs
ToyotaT1001995-199880 ft-lbs
ToyotaTacoma1995-199880 ft-lbs
ToyotaTacoma1999-200585 ft-lbs
ToyotaTundra2000-200585 ft-lbs
VolkswagenAll models1988-199880 ft-lbs
VolkswagenAll models1999-200590 ft-lbs
VolkswagenEuroVan1992-1996115 ft-lbs
VolkswagenEuroVan1997-2003130 ft-lbs
VolkswagenPickups1979-198480 ft-lbs
VolkswagenTouareg2004-2005120 ft-lbs
Volvo200 Series1981-199385 ft-lbs
Volvo700/900, S90/V901983-199865 ft-lbs
Volvo850 Series1993-199780 ft-lbs
VolvoC70 / S701998-200480 ft-lbs
VolvoS / V402000-200580 ft-lbs
VolvoS 602001-2005100 ft-lbs
VolvoS 801999-2005100 ft-lbs
VolvoV 701998-2005100 ft-lbs
VolvoXC902003-2005105 ft-lbs

Also of Interest:

  • Do Torque Sticks Work to Install Wheel Lug Nuts?
  • How To Remove a Wheel Lug Nut Lock Without a Key
  • How to Use a Torque Wrench Properly
  • Putting New(er) Wheels on Older Cars and Trucks with ET Lug Nuts
  • Spike Lug Nuts
  • Wheel Bolt Pattern Cross Reference ~ What Wheels Fit?
How To Properly Torque Wheel Lug Nuts/Lug Bolts (2024)


How To Properly Torque Wheel Lug Nuts/Lug Bolts? ›

The most common sequence is to move in a 'star' pattern on a 5-lug setup—start with a top-corner lug, and then move diagonally across until each lug has been tightened. On 4-lug wheels, move diagonally for the first bolt, then across, then diagonally again.

How to torque lug nuts properly? ›

The most common sequence is to move in a 'star' pattern on a 5-lug setup—start with a top-corner lug, and then move diagonally across until each lug has been tightened. On 4-lug wheels, move diagonally for the first bolt, then across, then diagonally again.

What torque should wheel lug bolts be? ›

The optimum torque value for your car or mounted rims can be found in the vehicle manual. It depends on the car model, rim size, design (aluminium or steel rims) and number of bolts. It is normally between 110 N⋅m and 120 N⋅m.

What is the pattern for torque lug nuts? ›

1. Start the lug nuts on the studs using fingers to avoid cross threading. 2. Stage 1, Torque: Impact the lug nuts in the ap- propriate star pattern above until snug to the rim.

Which is the proper order of tightening these wheel lug nuts? ›

Start by putting lug nuts on by hand. Tighten until the nuts touch the wheel and the wheel is seated against the hub. Set your torque wrench for the correct torque on your vehicle and begin tightening the top, go on to the bottom, go to the left and then right.

How much should lug nuts be torqued? ›

Under- or over-tightening wheel-attaching hardware can be damaging and dangerous.
Hardware Bolt or Stud SizeTypical Torque Range in Ft/LbsMinimum Number of Turns of Hardware Engagement
14 x 1.25 mm85 - 909
7/16 in.70 - 809
1/2 in.75 - 858
9/16 in.135 - 1458
3 more rows

How do you know if a bolt is torqued properly? ›

After you've tightened your fastener, use a torque audit wrench to slowly apply force in the tightening direction until you notice the first movement in the fastener. The reading is a reliable indication of the originally-applied torque. This is the most trusted measure of torque after tightening.

Should you torque wheels hot or cold? ›

When rechecking torque value, wait for the wheels to cool to ambient temperature (never torque a hot wheel).

Is 300 ft-lbs enough to remove lug nuts? ›

This ensures you have plenty of power to break them loose. For most passenger vehicles equipped with standard lug nuts, a 1/2 inch drive impact wrench providing around 300-400 ft-lbs of torque is sufficient. This covers common lug nut sizes of 14-21 mm on sedans, coupes, hatchbacks and some light trucks or SUVs.

What should I torque my bolts to? ›

US Recommended Bolt Torque
SizeRecommended Torque
Grade 2Grade 8
13 more rows

What happens if lug nuts are over torqued? ›

Damage caused by over-tightening

This can cause stripped threads on wheel nuts and wheel studs plus stretching of the studs, which makes them weaker and prone to fracturing and eventual failure. This stretching can also cause the wheel nuts to work loose.

What is the sequence to torque the bolts? ›

Number the bolts/flange according to the Bolt Torque Sequence. 2) Step 2 – Set the torque wrench to 1/3 of the target torque value and tighten in an order, bolts 1, 2, 3, 4… until all have been tightened. 3) Step 3 – Set the torque wrench to 2/3 of the target torque value and tighten in order, bolts 1, 2, 3, 4…

What is the torque pattern? ›

Torque pattern is the proper tightening sequence so the bolts are properly stretched and can evenly carry the load. Whether there are four bolts or 12, torque pattern allows you to scatter the load.

What is the correct order for tightening wheel nuts? ›

Starting at the top (12 o'clock), then the bottom (6 o'clock), then crisscross pattern until complete. To achieve proper torque, you need to use a calibrated torque wrench at the proper torque level. The lug nut should move at least a quarter turn before you arrive at final torque.

How tight should lug bolts be? ›

Run the lug nuts in with your favorite tool until snug, but no more. Tighten the lug nuts in a star pattern twice, smoothly applying force until the wrench clicks, but no further.

What is the correct torque for wheel nuts? ›

Now that you have chosen the proper lug nuts for your needs and are ready to install them the last step is to torque them properly. To accomplish this, we suggest using a 1/2” drive torque wrench. Torque the lug nuts in two steps, starting at 40 ft/lbs of torque for your first step to get the wheel seated properly.

What is the proper way to torque a bolt? ›

Do not tighten too fast; use a gentle and constant movement. Tip 1 Torque can vary between components and models, even from the same brand, so always check before you tighten the bolt. Tip 2 Do not put the torque wrench away tensioned. Adjust back to 0 as it can affect the calibration otherwise.

Should I torque lug nuts in the air? ›

For the technical purposes of things, it really wouldn't matter whether you torque them on or off the ground. The wheel would be torqued without issue. The reason you should torque them on the ground is a safety concern.

Do you tighten lug nuts clockwise or counterclockwise? ›

Put on the spare tyre and place the lug nuts in the correct positions. Tighten the lug nuts a little with your tyre wrench, this time turning clockwise. TIP: Make sure the lug nuts are tight, but don't use too much force. This may knock your car off of the jack.

How often should I re-torque lug nuts? ›

This is typically recommended after the first 50-100 miles of driving to account for any settling that may occur. Regular Maintenance: Regular retorquing should be part of your routine maintenance schedule. Consider having your lug nuts retorqued every 5,000 miles and during any scheduled tire rotations.

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